Vincennes University is one of only two U.S. colleges founded by a President of the United States. It was founded in 1801 by William Henry Harrison, who served for 12 years as the governor of the Indiana Territory. After commanding the Army in the Northwest in the War of 1812, Harrison returned to civilian life. In 1840, he was nominated by the Whigs for President and won. When he died on April 4, 1841, shortly after his inauguration, the Whig program died with him.